Understanding the nature of electrons and how they are are organized in atoms.
Using the structure of electrons in atoms to make predictions about elements' properties.
Understanding how atoms connect with one another to form molecules.
Determining the products of chemical reactions and writing balanced chemical equations to show the reaction.
Predicting the amounts of substances produced or used up in chemical reactions.
Calculating how the temperature and phase of substances change as they are heated or cooled.
Learning about what happens when one substance is dissolved in another; how to determine concentration, the maximum amount of a substance that can be dissolved, and how the boiling and freezing points change for a solution.
Determining how energy & heat are released or absorbed in chemical reactions.
Showing the relationships between the temperature, pressure, and volume of gases.